Philosophy of sustainable eco-architecture is to reduce the impact of people on the environment. In designing or improving the structure, eco-architecture tends to have elements of self-sustainability, smart grids and systems for energy efficiency, 0% emission of gases, as well as taking into account all other elements such as infrastructure, including transport, utilities, recycling, energy, etc.
One of the most influential eco-architect, Frank Lloyd Wright at beginning of the 20th century introduced the concept of organic architecture, where simple, natural materials were integrated into the building. This has created a sense of real natural environment that is in a natural setting as well. He believed that living in big cities and modern buildings alienates people from themselves and from each other. He believed that people should return to nature as being integral part of nature themselves, which is also a base belief of Far Eastern cultures, like Buddhism. From 1916 Frank Lloyd Wright has lived in Japan and so the impact of Far Eastern philosophy of life is also evident in his architecture.
Images : Organic architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, Foto: Casas
In recent years, there is much development in ideas of new sustainable cities that redefine our entire way of life, social elements, such as employment and equity, as well as environmental elements, such as energy efficiency and R&D of eco-technologies.
Masdar project is designed in Abu Dhabi and it aims to position itself as a leader in the market of energy efficiency with the development of new eco-technologies. The focus is on projects that reduces and set a price on greenhouse gas emissions in cooperation with the UN and through CDM (Clean Development Mechanism) as the framework of the Kyoto Protokol.
Self-sustainable zero emission city - Masdar project in Abu Dhabi; Source: Masdar
One of more radical projects in Florida is not considered as just another business venture, but it redefines the entire society, a society without war, redefining the culture and social values. The creator of this project is Jacque Fresco, futurist and designer who also founded Zeitgeist movement. He's also author of 'Designing the future'.
Redesigning entire society through Venus Project, Photo : Venus Project